SUBJECTIVE WELL- BEING
Basically, humans are creatures who always want to be happy. In this way, a person can take various ways to be happy. Happiness can be seen with a positive psychological perspective. Positive psychology focuses on paying attention to the positive side of humans, developing potential strengths and virtues, resulting in authentic and sustainable happiness. Seligman (2002) states that Positive Psychology has a goal to achieve well-being by building positive emotions and focusing on individual strengths. Longitudinal studies and experimental studies, at the highest levels of well-being, have been shown to be associated with positive outcomes, including effective learning, productivity, creativity, good relationships, pro-social behavior, and good health and life expectancy (Diener et al., 2010).
Renwick (1996) in Effendy (2016), states that well-being is a balance between opportunities or limitations in one’s life which is the result of the process of interaction between individuals and their environment. Wellbeing is defined as the overall well-being of life which includes objective evaluation which refers to a condition of human life such as health, quality of household life, friendships, social roles and activities and subjective evaluation which refers to human satisfaction with life where satisfaction is related to subjective well-being. being. In 1989 Ryff in Effendy (2016), developed the concept of Psychological Well-being according to which Psychological Well-being can be seen from 6 dimensions, namely self-acceptance, autonomy, interpersonal relations, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. Individuals who have high psychological well-being are individuals who are satisfied with their lives, are in a positive emotional state, are able to go through bad experiences that can result in negative emotional conditions, have positive relationships with others, are able to determine their own destiny without being dependent on them. with others, control the surrounding environment, have a clear purpose in life, and are able to develop themselves. Furthermore, the concept of subjective well-being according to (Deci & Ryan, 2001) has two approaches, namely hedonic which focuses on and views the feeling component as a form of achieving pleasure and avoiding pain. Meanwhile, according to Ryan et al., 2008, hedonic views happiness as subjective, because it relates to a person’s evaluation of himself. Then there is eudamonic, which has a focus on components of thinking, meaning and self-realization which are defined as well-being in the form of levels of full functioning as a human being.
By understanding the meaning of subjective well-being and its concepts, it is hoped that this can add to our insight to better understand ourselves. Because basically, we deserve to be happy the right way.
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