Before carrying out learning activities in the classroom, there are 5 steps that must be prepared and considered by the teacher, namely opening, delivering core material, assessment, closing, and evaluation. Each of these steps must be carried out properly, in order to achieve the learning objectives. The opening is the most important part of the learning process in the classroom because the success of the learning process is determined in the first 10 minutes when the class starts.
Every teacher must have their own learning style or technique in opening learning in the classroom, starting from greeting, taking attendance, praying together, singing the national anthem, asking assignments, and some conveying the previous lesson material and then relating it to the material to be taught (Apperception). Apperception is considered important, but not a few teachers miss this, where they go straight to the core of the material after being absent without knowing the readiness of students to receive new learning materials.
Apperception is an activity carried out by the teacher before entering the core learning activities to attract the attention of students to focus more on the new knowledge or experiences conveyed by the teacher. The success of apperception is determined by the creativity or the way the teacher draws the focus of students so that the learning process runs smoothly until closing, and makes the subject matter conveyed well to students. Apperception is very important to achieve learning success.
Before learning begins, it’s a good idea to do an apperception or review the previous material and then relate it to the material to be taught. You can also ask students questions or summarize the previous lesson material so that students remember it again. The following are some reasons why it is important for teachers to do an apperception of learning during the learning process.
- Knowing the Readiness of Students to Learn
When delivering the previous lesson material, you can see the responses given by students, whether they can remember it or feel confused and forget. That way, you can know the readiness of students to study at that time. If the majority of students forget the previous material, it’s a good idea not to immediately deliver new learning material, because it does not have a good effect on students. We recommend that you review the previous material until students really understand and are ready to accept new material.
You also need to know that not all students can understand what you are going to teach and they also do not realize that the previous lesson and the new lesson are related. Even though learning is also a unit that is strung between one material and another. By doing apperception, students will be aware that the previous material and the material to be studied have relevance. This makes the learning process smooth and effective.
- The Materials That Have Been Learned Are Stored and Keep In Mind
When repeating subjects that have been taught previously, the material will be stored five times stronger in students, unlike material that is not reviewed which usually just passes after it forgets or does not understand the learning material.
Why did this happen? Because the learning material is repeated often, the learning material will be absorbed by the brain and make it remembered longer.
This is also important before starting a new lesson. Previous learning with new learning must be continuous. By understanding and remembering previous learning, new learning will be more easily absorbed and understood.
- Preparation of Next Material
In the learning process, students must prepare themselves and their physical, mental, and psychological conditions. All must be prepared thoroughly or ready so that the next learning objectives can be achieved.
Learning without repeating the previous subject matter carefully often results in unsatisfactory achievements. Learning objectives are also not achieved optimally. Therefore, the teacher must help them remember the previous learning material, before accepting new material.
- Make it easier to consider information
By repeating the subject, it will be easier for students to consider the information. Students will also be faster at finding ways to keep material in mind. Because as we already know that one subject matter has relevance to another subject matter, so students will easily catch the two subject matters into a unified whole discussion.
- Helps Recall Learning Experiences
Repeating the subject not only helps students to remember the previous lesson material but also to remember the learning experience well. Students will learn to calculate one by one the acquisition of a wealth of study experience.
A good learning experience will help students study harder and harder. By having a good learning experience, then in entering new learning will be more enthusiastic.
- Thinking Process
When doing apperception, you can ask students some questions regarding the previous material, to find out how far they remember the material.
When repeating questions, you can ask open-ended questions on each text or material that students have studied. Try writing the question on a separate piece of paper.
Think about what would happen if some elements were changed or in the test some features appeared in different ways. With this, students’ thinking processes will be more honed and able to accept the changes that occur. In the new learning process, their minds will also be more prepared and more critical. This can improve students’ thinking skills and be ready to accept new material.
- Motivating Student Learning
By doing apperception or repeating the previous subject matter, it can increase students’ curiosity so that their learning motivation will also increase. You can package apperception well and make you curious.
That way, students will be motivated to recall each topic or material that they have learned before and will be studied. This will also escort students to revisit various experiences while studying previous lessons that have been gradually forgotten by students.
In addition, apperception can also maintain and shape the learning atmosphere so that it remains conducive and smooth. The reason is, apperception can form a good physical atmosphere and shape the psychological atmosphere of students so as to create a feeling of being able to learn new material. This is very much needed to achieve learning success.
Those are some important reasons for apperception or re-delivery of previous subject matter during teaching and learning activities. The learning process cannot be separated between the individual and the student’s experiential environment. Therefore, the teacher must be able to connect the previous lessons mastered by students, either their knowledge or experience as a stepping stone in delivering new lessons.