Communication is one of the ways that humans can interact with each other. By communicating too, a person can understand the intent and purpose to be expressed. According to Skinner, communication is a verbal or symbolic behavior in which the actor tries to get the desired effect. Communication can function to convey information, as a messenger so that it can be accepted by the wider community or related, as a form of interaction with other people, to add insight and knowledge about something and various other things. Meanwhile, the purpose of communication is so that what is conveyed can be understood well enough, to be able to understand the meaning of other people’s words, and so that ideas, ideas and personal thoughts can be accepted by others, especially in certain meetings. But unfortunately, there are still many people who have not been able to communicate in a good and correct way.
In simple terms, public speaking can be defined as the process of speaking to a group of people with the aim of informing, influencing (persuading) and/or entertaining the audience. Many people refer to public speaking as a “presentation”. Like all forms of communication, public speaking has several basic elements that are parallel to the communication model proposed by Laswell, namely the communicator (speaker), message (presentation content), communicant (listener/audience), medium, and effect (impact of presentation on the audience). audience). The purpose of public speaking varies, ranging from transmitting information, motivating people, or simply telling stories. According to Girsang (2018), public speaking is understood as a technique of delivering messages in front of the public. Scientifically, public speaking itself is part of the science of communication. This is because communication is a process of interaction to relate from one party to another. If you look at the historical trajectory, the beginning of the communication process is very simple, starting from a number of abstract ideas/thoughts in one’s brain to search for data/deliver information, then packaged into a message. The message can then be conveyed either directly or indirectly, one of which is by communicating in front of a large audience which is known as public speaking.
Research by Fatimatul (2020) on the Effect of Public Speaking Extracurricular Activities on the Communicative Character of Class IV-VI Students of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Darul Fikri Bringin Kauman Ponorogo for the 2019/2020 Academic Year. Thesis (S1) Thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Ponorogo got the result that public speaking extracurricular has a significant effect in improving the quality of students’ communicative character. Furthermore, Kamil’s (2021) research on the Effect of Public Speaking on the Confidence and Performance of Small Medium Micro Enterprises (MSMEs) Business Sector During the Covid-19 Pandemic found that Public Speaking had a positive and significant influence on self-confidence. Furthermore, research from Sona (2022) on the Effect of Public Speaking Ability of Islamic Religious Education Teachers on Learning Motivation of Class XI Students of the Office Administration Department at the Makassar National Vocational School found that the teacher’s public speaking ability had an effect on student achievement.
With this, it means that public speaking has an important role in improving one’s communication skills, with public speaking one is also able to increase self-confidence, learning achievement and is also able to improve the quality of communicative characters in ourselves.
Aliyah, Fatimatul (2020) PENGARUH KEGIATAN EKSTRAKURIKULER PUBLIC SPEAKING TERHADAP KARAKTER KOMUNIKATIF PESERTA DIDIK KELAS IV-VI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH DARUL FIKRI BRINGIN KAUMAN PONOROGO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2019/2020. Skripsi (S1) thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo.
Kamil, S. (2021). PENGARUH PUBLIC SPEAKINGTERHADAP KEPERCAYAAN DIRI DAN KINERJAPELAKU BISNIS SEKTOR USAHA MENENGAH KECIL MIKRO (UMKM) DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19. Jurnal Komunikasi dan New Media, 1(1), 21-34. http://jurnal.undira.ac.id/index.php/jknm/article/view/64/57
Lasmery RM Girsang. (2018). PUBLIC SPEAKING’ SEBAGAI BAGIAN DARI KOMUNIKASI EFEKTIF. Jurnal Pengabdian dan Kewirausahaan, 2(2), 81-85. https://journal.ubm.ac.id/index.php/pengabdian-dan-kewirausahaan/article/view/1359/1168
Purnama, Fitri Sona (2022) Pengaruh Kemampuan Public Speaking Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam terhadap Motivasi Belajar Peserta Didik Kelas XI Jurusan Administrasi Perkantoran di SMK Nasional Makassar. Undergraduate (S1) thesis, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar.
Safitri, D. (2019). Pelatihan public speaking berbasis teknologi informasi Di kelurahan johar baru. Jurdimas (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat) Royal, 2(2), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.33330/jurdimas.v2i2.275
Sriwartini, Y., & Luciana Radjagukguk, D. (2021). The Pelatihan public speaking Berbasis storytelling Sebagai Bagian Gerakan Literasi Sekolah (GLS) Di SD BPI Bandung. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Corporate Social Responsibility (PKM-CSR), 4, 789-797. https://doi.org/10.37695/pkmcsr.v4i0.1148