Doing daily activities without any obstacles is something that is very enjoyable for everyone. Because the smooth running of daily activities makes all work completed perfectly. Being able to carry out various daily activities is inseparable from the functioning of all organs in the human body. With the functions of the body that are good and without obstacles, humans can carry out daily activities smoothly. But some people are given a test by God in the form of shortcomings in themselves. Some of them can feel hampered with suboptimal function or even experience organ dysfunction. In the medical world this can be called a person with a disability. According to Goffman as stated by Johnson (2008), reveals that the main social problem faced by people with disabilities is that they are abnormal to such a degree that other people do not feel comfortable or are unable to interact with them. The surrounding environment has given a stigma to people with disabilities, that they are seen as incapable in all respects which is the cause of various problems. In limited circumstances and negative assumptions from others, there are some of them who continue to try not to always depend on others. Meanwhile, according to UN Resolution Number 61/106 dated December 13, 2006, persons with disabilities are any person who is unable to guarantee by himself, in whole or in part, normal individual needs and/or social life, as a result of their disability, both congenital or not. no, in terms of his physical or mental abilities.
There are so many types of people with disabilities in this world and one of them is people with intellectual disabilities or what is commonly called mental retardation. Mental retardation is a condition in which an individual experiences mental retardation, this condition is also known as mental retardation. Children with mental retardation according to (American Association on Mental Deficiency) and PP No. 72 of 1991 in Amin (1995:22-24) their children have IQs below the average of normal children in general, causing their intellectual function to be disturbed and causing new problems to arise during their development. The definition from a medical point of view, according to Qudkerk quoted by Suparlan (1983:5), a weak brain is a person who is disturbed by the growth of his thinking power and his entire personality is not perfect (Mumpuarti, 2000:26). Desiningrum, D. R. (2016). Said that there is a classification in mental retardation, namely Mild (IQ range 55-70), Moderate (IQ range 40-55), and Severe (IQ range 25-40) with characteristics according to James D. Page (1995) namely intellectual intelligence inhibition. , social, mental function, drive and emotion, language ability, academic ability, and organizational ability.
The prevalence of mental retardation in Indonesia is currently estimated at 1-3% of the Indonesian population, around 6.6 million people. This mentally retarded child received formal education at State Special Schools (SLB) and private SLBs (Noor & Megah, 2010). This can be a special concern for the government and all Indonesian people to be more aware of the existence of intellectual disabilities that can happen to anyone, including our own family. Therefore, as humans who have perfection, it is proper to be grateful for the perfection that God has bestowed on us.
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