Fostering good relationships with married couples is the dream of all humans on this earth. with a sense of warmth in the family can create and create an idealistic family that can give birth to a superior generation because the main and first source of happiness comes from the family.
However, recently the phenomenon of violence is rife among married couples. Violence itself has indeed become something that is often discussed because it is often found in families that are less harmonious. The underlying factors for this violence come from many things. Starting from economic problems, incompatibility between partners and various kinds of abuse that are often encountered in certain cases.
From the results of the data provided by the national commission regarding the number of cases of domestic violence in particular, there has been a fairly specific increase during this pandemic. with a total of 6,480 cases (79%) there is 50% coverage of cases of violence against wives with a score of 3,221. this is getting a lot of attention, because the most violence in the household is violence against wives. Of the many cases, of course, there are still cases that may not be reported because there are several underlying things. One of them is afraid of his own partner (husband).
In Indonesia itself, patriarchal culture in the household is still a very dominant culture. This makes the space for women to seem utopian, because the woman is unable to explore herself and can only submit and obey her husband without any space to communicate about some of the problems she faces.
One of the advocates for gender equality and justice (kiai husein muhammad) said that “the patriarchal culture places a heavy burden on women, especially for married couples. And finally women only focus on the household without being productive.”
The lack of understanding among the public about gender equality makes it very difficult for women to explore themselves. That is why many cases of violence are often not reported because many women are afraid of their partners.
This makes a new case for cases of violence related to gender. Gender-based violence or commonly referred to as gender-based violence is a type of violence that is not easy to identify. Gender-based violence is a form of discrimination that is a serious obstacle to women’s ability to enjoy their rights and freedoms on the basis of equal rights with men. From the annual records of the women’s national commission, gender-based violence (KBG) experienced a significant increase from a total of 126 cases in 2019 to 510 cases in 2020.
In the United Nations Declaration (1993) and the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995, Beijing) changed and expanded the meaning of gender-based violence to “Any act of violence committed on the basis of gender and causing physical, sexual or psychological harm to women or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty both in public and private life”. With the term gender-based violence, it means that there are perpetrators who control and victims who are controlled.
Therefore, this article aims to discuss issues related to gender-based domestic violence. This is a new phenomenon that we want to investigate so that many readers know things related to gender-based violence and how to overcome it.
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