In Grade 1, there are four big topics that will be learned by the First Grader, namely: Number, Geometry, Measure, and Handling Data. In Number, the First Grader will be introduced to number and the number system by doing: counting on tens from a single-digit number to 100; counting on in twos in order to recognize odd/even number; partitioning two-digit numbers into tens and ones; comparing two numbers by using more or less, ordering number. Besides, they will start doing calculation, such as: addition and subtraction using related sentences “take away”, “how many more to take”; add or subtract a single-digit number and two-digit numbers; doubling single-digit number, finding halves of even numbers. In Geometry, the First Grader will be getting to know names and sort common 2D and 3D shapes and its features. In Measure, it consists of 3 subtopics. First Grader will learn about Money, like recognizing all coins and work out how to pay an exact sum using smaller coins. Besides, they will learn about Length, Mass, and Capacity, such as: comparing lengths and weights, estimating and comparing capacities. Further, in the subtopic Time, it expects learners to understand and use units of time, such as minutes, hours, days, weeks, moths, years; read the time to the hour (o’clock). Finally, in Handling Data, the First Grader have to learn how to organize, categorize, and represent data in variety of ways, e.g. using block graphs and pictograms, in lists and tables, in Venn or Carroll diagrams.
In Grade 2, the learners are invited to learn more about these four big topics: Number, Geometry, Measure, and Handling Data. In Number, learners are required to be able to count up to 100 objects; count in twos, fives and tens; partition into tens and ones; round two-digit numbers to the nearest multiple of 10; place a two-digit number on a number line; compare two numbers; understand even/odd numbers; and recognize the writing and meaning of one half ½, one quarter ¼, three quarters ¾. Besides, learners are required to do more calculation. The addition and subtraction will be done by practicing on addition of four or five small numbers together; solving number sentences such as 27 + D = 30. While, the multiplication and division will be done by understanding multiplication as repeated addition and division as grouping; counting in twos, fives or tens; doubling two-digit numbers; Work out multiplication and division facts for the 3x and 4x tables. Next, in Geometry, learners are ready to explore more about shapes by sorting, naming, describing, visualizing and drawing 2D and 3D shapes, also referring to their properties; identifying reflective symmetry in patterns and 2D shape. Learners also learn position and movement by recognizing whole, half and quarter turns, both clockwise and anti-clockwise. As in Grade 1, there are 3 subtopics in Measure. In learning about Money, learners are expected to use money notation, and start to work out on totals and the coins and notes required to pay a given amount as well as the change. As in learning Length, Mass, and Capacity, learners should be able to measure and compare lengths, weights and capacities using the standard units: centimeter, meter, g, kg, and liter. Then, learners will be guided to explore more about Time by knowing the relationships between consecutive units of time; reading the time to the half hour on digital and analogue clocks; measuring activities using seconds and minutes. Last, learners will learn about handling data. It will be done by collecting and recording data in lists and tables, then representing it as block graphs and pictograms to show results. Also, using Carroll and Venn diagrams to sort numbers or objects using one criterion
The same four big topics as in Grade 2 will appear in Grade 3. Here, learners will be exposed about the topics in more advance. In Number, the Third Grader will start to explore the three-digit numbers. The activities that will be done in order to achieve the purpose of the learning are: read and write numbers to at least 1000; partitioning into hundreds, tens, and ones; rounding three-digit numbers to the nearest 100; place three-digit numbers in a line number; compare three-digit numbers, use < and > signs, and find a number in between. And also, learners will start to learn about fraction, such as understand the use fraction notation; recognizing equivalence fraction, simple mixed fraction, and order simple of mixed fraction. For the calculation of number, learners will be introduced to mental strategies calculation, such as: know multiplication and division facts; work out quickly doubles of multiples of 5, 50, 500. In learning regular calculation, it will be done by adding and subtracting multiples of 10 to three-digit numbers, add three-digit and two-digit numbers, solving number equations such as 78 + D = 100. For multiplication and division, the learning to be achieved are multiply single-digit numbers and divide two-digit numbers, begin to divide two-digit numbers just beyond 10× tables, e.g. 60 ÷ 5, 33 ÷ 3, apply the idea that multiplication is commutative. In Geometry, the lesson will be about identifying, classifying, describing and drawing regular and irregular 2D and 3D shape, relating 2D shapes and 3D solids to drawings of them, finding and describing the position of a square on a grid. For the topic of Measure, learners will star learning about Money. They have to learn how to consolidate using money notation, and add and subtract money with a total as well as find the change. Further, in Length, Mass, and Capacity, learners learn the relationship between kilometers and meters, meters and centimeters, kilograms and grams, liters and milliliters; use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimeter; solve word problems involving measures. In Time subtopics, learners will explore more of knowing the relationship between the units to measure time. They will also learn how to read the time (analogue and digital) to the nearest minutes and calculate simple time intervals in hours and minutes, also calculate time in weeks or days. Finally, in the last topic, Handling data, learners are expected to answer a real-life question by collecting, organizing and interpreting data by using, and be able to use tally charts, frequency tables, pictograms (symbol representing one or two units) and bar charts (intervals labelled in ones or twos); use Venn or Carroll diagrams to sort data and objects using two criteria.
The four big topics that will be appeared in Grade 4 are Number, Geometry, Measure, and Handling data. The Fourth Grader will be exposed to know more about number system in four-digit. The learning to be achieved are: count on numbers up to 10000; partition into thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones; start to use decimal notation to tenths and hundredths, multiples up to 1000; round four-digit numbers to 100; line number and comparing for four-digit; use negative number as in temperature; odd and even numbers. Further, learners will also explore more in fraction, such as: comparing two or more fraction; ordering fraction; recognizing equivalence between decimal and vulgar fraction; find halves, quarters, thirds, fifths, eighths and tenths of shapes and numbers. For the calculation by using mental strategies, learners will learn how to derive quickly, e.g. 72 + D = 100 and 850 + D = 1000; identify simple fractions with a total of 1; recognize and begin to know multiplication and multiples of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10, up to the tenth multiple; add three or four small numbers, add three two-digit multiples of 10; add and subtract near multiples of 10 or 100 to or from three- digit numbers, find a difference between near multiples of 100; subtract a small number crossing 100; multiply any pair of single-digit numbers together. For regular calculation, learners will learn add and subtract pairs of three-digit numbers; double two-digit number; multiply and divide two-digit by single-digit number; round up or down after division, understand simple ratio and proportion. In Geometry, learners will explore more about 2D and 3D shapes. They will identify, describe, visualize, draw and make a wider range of 2D and 3D shapes; classify polygons using criteria; identify and sketch lines of symmetry in 2D, visualize 3D FROM 2D nets. Moreover, the geometry will be about position of a square on a grid; and measuring angles in degree. Under the topic of Length, Mass, and Capacity, there are some learning objectives to be achieved by the learners, such as: know the meaning and use the relationship between familiar units; use decimal notation to record measurement; interpret intervals/divisions on partially numbered scales. As well as in Time, learners should be able to read and tell the time to nearest minute on 12-hour, use a.m. or p.m., read simple timetables. In this topic, the Fourth Graders start to know about area and perimeter. They are expected to be able to draw rectangles, and measure and calculate their perimeters, understand that area is measured in square units, e.g. cm2, and find the area of rectilinear shapes drawn on a square grid by counting squares. Finally, in the last topic, Handling data, the learners will learn to identify data; organize, present, and interpret data in tables, diagrams, charts, and pictograms; compare the impact of representation; use Venn diagram or Carroll diagram.
In Grade 5, learners will learn about Number, Geometry, Measure, and Handling data in more advance material as it is the improvement from previous materials in earlier grade. Firstly, in Number, the learning objectives to be achieved are: partition into thousands, hundreds, tens, and units; decimal notation for tenths and hundredths; round four-digit numbers and a number with one or two decimal places; compare positive and negative numbers in number line as temperature scale; odd and even numbers up to 1000; recognize equivalence between fractions, and between decimal and fraction; change improper fraction to mixed-number forms; express halves, tenths and hundredths as percentages; use ratio to solve problems. In addition, there are some calculation strategies which need to be mastered by the learners, such as: knowing and apply tests of divisibility by 2, 5, 10 and 100; recognizing multiples of 6, 7, 8 and 9 up to the 10th multiple; knowing squares of all numbers to 10 × 10; finding factors of two-digit numbers, multiplying and doubling numbers using mental strategies. Besides, the regular calculation, like in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division will also be learned. The learners will experience the addition/subtraction of more than three of two/three-digit numbers; multiplication/division of three-digit by single-digit number (with remainder for division), multiplication of two-digit and two-digit numbers, and also two-digit with one decimal; the use of brackets to order operation. Furthermore, the materials to be learned in Geometry will focus on: triangles and its properties, rotational symmetry in polygons, visualizing 3D shapes from 2D shapes net, measuring angles in degree, reading and plot co-ordinate, reflection and translation of an object. Then, in Measuring length, mass and capacity, the learners have to learn many important things, starting from converting larger to smaller metric units; order and round measurement. While, in Measuring time, the lessons will be about telling time using analogue and digital clock (24-hour); reading timetable (24-hour); calculate time intervals in days, weeks, months and years. Next, in Measuring area and perimeter, learners will measure and calculate perimeter of polygon, measuring area of rectangle using formula. Finally, as the last topic, in Handling data, the materials that will be experienced by the learners are frequency tables, pictograms, and bar line charts with vertical axis labelled; constructing simple line graph; and probability by describing the occurrence of familiar events.
There are four big topics that will be appeared in Grade 6, namely Number, Geometry, Measures, and Handling Data. Here are the abilities that need to be mastered by the learners as they are learning Number : learners should be able to count in fraction and decimals; know each digit in decimal numbers; multiply/divide whole and decimal number; find factors, common multiplies; round whole and decimal numbers; order and compare positive numbers to one million, and negative integers to an appropriate level; Order numbers with up to two decimal places; recognise and extend number sequences; use decimals with up to three places; recognise odd and even numbers and multiples of 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 up to 1000; make general statements about sums, differences and multiples of odd and even numbers; recognize prime numbers up to 20 and find all prime numbers less than 100; recognize the historical origins of our number system and begin to understand how it developed; compare fractions with the same denominator and related denominators. Besides, the materials about fraction is also included, such as: equivalence between fractions; equivalence between fraction and decimal; ordering mixed numbers; reducing fraction to the simplest form; simple percentages; solving simple problem involving ratio. For doing calculation, the activities will be done by applying test of divisibility; adding/subtracting near multiples of 1 with decimal, and near multiples of 10; adding/subtracting numbers with the same and different numbers of decimals places; multiplying pairs of multiples of 10; multiplying two-, three- or four-digit numbers by a single-digit number and two- or three-digit numbers by two-digit numbers; dividing three-digit numbers by single-digit numbers, including those leaving a remainder and divide three-digit numbers by two-digit numbers (no remainder) including sums of money. In learning Geometry, learners are required to be able to classify different polygons; describe properties of quadrilaterals; make 2D representation of 3D shapes; estimate and recognize acute and obtuse angles; check angles in triangles; plot co-ordinate in four quadrant; predict the position of an object after reflection, translation, rotation. Furthermore, in Measuring length, mass, and capacity, the learning will be about converting units of measurement in decimal; measure line in centimeters and millimeters. In Measuring time, learners will experience in telling and comparing time using analogue and digital clock (24-hour); reading timetable (24-hour); calculate time intervals using digital and analogue clock, and also calculate time intervals in days, weeks, months and years. In Measuring area and perimeter, learners will learn how to measure the perimeter and area of rectilinear shapes; estimate the area by counting squares; calculate perimeter and area of simple compound shape. The last, in Handling data, learners will experience in solving a problem by representing, extracting, and interpreting data in tables, graphs, charts, and diagrams; finding the median and mean of a set of data; exploring how statistics are used in everyday life.
In science lesson, the topics will be divided into three main fields, namely Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. In Biology fields, the First Grader will be introduced to plants, humans and animals. In which, they will know that plants are living things; get to know parts of a plant including the fact that plants need light to grow; explore how seeds grow become flowering plants; also explore ways different animals and plants inhabit local environment. Furthermore, the learners get chance to recognize similarities and differences between each other; know the name of external parts of body, as well as need for a healthy diet; explore how senses enable humans and animals to be aware of around; and know that humans and animals produce offspring which grows into adults. In the meantime, in Chemistry field, the learners will experience in using senses to talk about materials; identifying, recognizing, and naming the common materials; also sorting objects based on their properties. In Physics field, the First Graders will get learning experience in movement of the things, pushes and pulls as the forces, the cause of change direction and speed. Besides, they will also learn about sources of sound, sense that is used to hear is ears, and sound travels from a source can become fainter.
Three big branches of science still become the source of learning in Grade 2. In Biology, learners will explore more about living things in their environment. They should be able to identify similarities and differences between local environments, and they have to be aware that those can affect animals and plants who live in it. Besides, learners should also care about environment by understanding the ways how to do it. Then, learners will do observation of the weather and report the weather data. In addition, in Chemistry field, learners are invited to know the occurrence of materials either naturally or man-made, and also the types as well as the uses of different rocks. Further, the Second Graders get chances to know more about material changes. In this topics, learners will know how the shapes of some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting, stretching, as well as by heating or cooling, and recognize that some materials can dissolve in water. In Physics, learners will get new knowledge about Light and Dark, and Electricity, The Earth and Beyond. The Second Graders are expected to be able to identify different light sources and shadows, know that darkness is the absence of light. The Electricity topic will be about components of simple circuits involving cells, and using switch to break circuit. Finally, learners of Second Grader will explore how the sun appears and move during the day, and model how the spin of the Earth leads to day and night.
The Third Graders will learn about Plants and Humans and Animals in more advance in Biology field. Learners will know the parts of plants, such as: roots, leaves, stems, and flowers. They will also get more knowledge of the growth of a plant is affected by temperature, and that it needs water, light, healthy roots, leaves, and stems to grow. Learning about Humans and Animals will be done through by doing these following activities: knowing life processes include nutrition, movement, growth, and reproduction; describing differences between living and non-living things; exploring exercise and adequate diet to maintain healthiness; exploring human senses; sorting living and non-living things. The Chemistry field will be about material properties, in which the learners are invited to experience learning through getting to know specific properties of materials, then sorting them based on their properties; exploring magnetic and non-magnetic materials; the last, discussing why materials chosen for specific purposes on the basis of their properties. Lastly, in Physics field, the learners will practically get chance to learn about forces and motion. The learners are expected to be able to know that pushes and pulls can be measured with force meters; explore how forces can make object start or stop moving, change the shape of the object, and make objects move faster or slower including friction.
The fourth Graders have chance to explore their curiosity about Human and Animals, as well as the Living Things in their environment under the Biology field. They will get more insight about bony skeletons inside human and animal body, how skeleton grow, support and protect the human body, muscles that attached to skeleton inside animal body, and know how muscle contract to make a bone move, also learn the roles of drugs and medicines. Moreover, learners are also invited to be aware of their environment through investigating how different animals are found in different habitats that suited to them; and through recognizing that human activity can affect the environment. In Chemistry, learners learn states of matter, i.e. solid, liquid, or gas. The changes of material when they are heated or cooled will also be investigated by learners in their learning activity, such as: melting, freezing, and evaporating. The Physics field will be about Sound, Electricity and Magnetism. Learners will involve in exploring how sounds are made from vibrated objects and measure the volume of sound using sound level meter. The learners will also be involved in investigating how sounds travel through materials to ear, and how some materials are effective in preventing sound. Besides, learners will get knew knowledge, that is about pitch in which pitch is able to describe high or low a sound is, and pitch can be changed in musical instruments. In Electricity and Magnetism topic, learners will experience in constructing complete circuits using switch, cell, wire, and lamps. Through this, then learner will know that electrical device will not work if there is a break in the circuit, also the electrical current flows and that models can describe flow. Finally, the Fourth Graders will explore about magnet, that magnet can attract only metals, and attract or repel each other.
The learners of Grade 5 will learn science through three big fields, namely Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. In Biology, the learners will gain more insight about Plants. The lesson to be learned, such as: the need of energy from the light of the sun for plants growth, reproduction of plants, the variety of ways of how seeds dispersed, the need of water and warmth for germination, insects pollinating some flowers, male and female organ of flowers produced by a plant, seed formed from pollen of male fertilize the ovum, life cycle of flowering plants, such as: fertilization, seed production, seed dispersal and germination. In Chemistry field, states of matter will be appear as the topic, and learners in Grade 5 are expected to gain more insight of knowing the occurrence of evaporation and condensation. Besides, they need to know that the boiling of water is 1000 C and the melting point is 00 C, and when a liquid evaporated from a solution the solid is left behind. The topic, Light, and Earth and Beyond will be the topics that Fifth Graders will learn under the field of Physics. The Physic lesson starts by learning how shadows are formed, the position of objects that affect size of shadows, and the change in length and position of shadow throughout the day. Next, learner will practically know that light sources can be seen because it enters our eyes, know that light intensity can be measured, explore about opaque materials and transparent materials. Lastly, learners will also be explained that beams/rays of light can be reflected by surfaces including mirrors, and when reflected light enters our eyes we see the object; and why a beam of light changes direction when it is reflected from a surface. For Earth and Beyond topic, the learning to be achieved are: Explore, through modeling, that the sun does not move; its apparent movement is caused by the Earth spinning on its axis; Know that the Earth spins on its axis once in every 24 hours; know that the Earth takes a year to orbit the sun, spinning as it goes; research the lives and discoveries of scientists who explored the solar system and stars.
The Sixth Grade learners will gain new insights about Human and Animals under the field of Biology, as they will be learning about major organs of body system, such as how to use scientific name, identify, and describe the main function of major organs of the body parts. Further, the Sixth Graders will explore how human have positive and negative effects on environment, and explore the ways of caring for the environment e.g. recycling, reducing waste, reducing energy consumption, not littering, encouraging others to care for the environment. Besides, learners are expected to know and explore about food chain, and be able to present it in text and diagram. In addition, they should be able to understand the term producer, consumer, predator, and prey, at which plant will be always as producer. To balance the science insight that they would have, the Sixth Graders are invited to learn more about material changes in Chemistry field. And the learning to be achieved are as follows: distinguish between reversible and irreversible changes; explore how solids can be mixed and separate them again; observe, describe, record and begin to explain changes that occur when some solids are added to water; explore how, when solids do not dissolve or react with water, they can be separated by filtering, which is similar to sieving; explore how some solids dissolve in water to form solutions and, although the solid cannot be seen, the substance is still present. Lastly, In Physics field, learners will experience learning about Forces and Motion, and Electricity and Magnetism in more advance. The purposes of the learning in Force and Motion topic are: distinguish the mass measured in kilogram and in newton; recognize and use units of force, mass and weight and identify the direction in which forces act; understand the notion of energy in movement, recognize friction as a force. Learners will practically experience learning about Electricity and magnetism through some activities such as: investigating how some materials and metal are better conductors of electricity; know the reason why metals are used for cables and wires, then plastics are used to cover; predict and test the effects of making changes to circuit; represent drawing circuits with drawings and conventional symbols.
In reading, the First Grader will be exposed to Fiction and Non Fiction texts. In Fiction and poetry, texts will be varied from real life stories, traditional tales from different cultures, fantasy stories, poetry and plays. Non-fiction: non-chronological report, simple recount, instructions. At the same time, Writing activities in the First Grade will be related to the texts above like making simple storybooks with sentences to caption pictures, retelling a familiar story or recounting an experience, writing simple information texts with labels, captions, lists, questions and instructions for a purpose in non-fiction as well as developing the presentation skill. In speaking area, children are required to speak clearly and choose words carefully to express feelings and ideas when speaking of matters of immediate interest. Converse audibly with friends, teachers and other adults, engage in imaginative play, enacting simple charachers or situations.
Grade 2 will learn the different common spellings of long vowel phonemes. They are expected to begin to read with fluency and expression, taking some notice of punctuation, including speech marks. Reading involves fiction and non fiction texts. In Fiction and poetry, texts will be varied from real life stories, traditional tales from different cultures, different stories by the same author, longer stories, poetry and plays. While in Non-fiction, reading may involve non-chronological report, instructions, explanation, reference texts. Children are required to identify and describe story settings and characters, recognising that they may be from different times and places, to predict story endings, and to talk about what happens at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a story.In non fiction. In Non Fiction, children are required to answer to questions by reading a section of text; find factual information from different formats, e.g. charts, labelled diagrams; identify general features of known text types. In writing, children are to develop stories with a setting, characters and a sequence of events; able to link ideas in sections, grouped by content and starting to use dialogue in stories. Structure of a story needs to be completed with a beginning, middle and end. Children are required to be able to write simple evaluations of books read; instructions and recount events and experiences. In speaking and listening, children are encouraged to recount experiences and explore possibilities, explain plans and ideas, extending them in the light of discussion and articulate it clearly.
Grade 3 will be invited to explore more reading of fiction and non-fiction. Fiction and poetry reading includes real life stories, myths and leg ends, adventure stories, poetry and plays. While non-fiction includes letters, reports, instructions, reference texts. Children are required to start infering meanings beyond the literal, e.g. about motives and character; Identifying different types of stories and typical story themes and able to Identify the main points or gist of a text. In Reading, children are encouraged to scan a passage to find specific information and answer questions, to locate information in non-fiction texts using contents page and index. They will also learn ways that information is set out on page and on screen, e.g. lists, charts, bullet points.
In writing, children will write first-person accounts and descriptions based on observation, develop descriptions of settings in stories, write portraits of characters and simple play-scripts based on reading. Children will also learn to plan main points as a structure for story writing. They begin to organise writing in sections or paragraphs in extended stories, develop range of adverbials to signal the relationship between events, use reading as a model for writing dialogue. They are also required tobe able to write and perform poems, attending to the sound of words, writing book reviews summarising what a book is about, establish purpose for writing, using features and style based on model texts.
Grade 4 will learn broader variety of texts including historical stories, stories set in imaginary worlds, stories from other cultures, real life stories with issues/dilemmas, poetry and plays including imagery as well as non-fiction: newspapers and magazines, reference texts, explanations, persuasion including advertisements. Children are required to be able to make orderd points to make a coherent argument, able to make paragraphs and chapters, able to Identify different types of non-fiction text and their known key features. They will be asked to read newspaper reports and consider how they engage the reader, investigate how persuasive writing is used to convince a reader and Note key words and phrases to identify the main points in a passage. In writing area, children are exploring different ways of planning stories, and write longer stories from plans, elaborating basic information with some detail, writing character profiles, using detail to capture the reader’s imagination, exploring alternative openings and endings for stories. In Speaking area, children are asked to be able to organise ideas in a longer speaking turn to help the listener, using various vocabulary and level of detail according to purpose. They are expected to grab significant points on conversations and respond to main ideas with relevant suggestions and comments.
The following genres and text types will be learnt in Grade 5, e.g.:Fiction and poetry: novels and longer stories, fables, myths and legends, stories from other cultures, older literature including traditional tales, poetry and plays including film narrative and dramatic conventions. Non-fiction: instructions, recounts (including biography), persuasion. Children are required to be able to read widely and explore the features of different fiction genres, able to provide accurate textual reference from more than one point in a story to support answers to questions.They learn to Compare the structure of different stories, comment on a writer’s use of language and explain reasons for writer’s choices and interpret imagery and techniques, e.g. metaphor, personification, simile, adding to understanding beyond the literal. Children are encouraged to understand metaphorical expressions and figures of speech, identify the point of view from which a story is told, consider how a writer expresses their own point of view,e.g. how characters are presented. They are asked to read and identify characteristics of myths, legends and fables, comparing and evaluate the print and film versions of a novel or play, comparing dialogue and dramatic conventions in film narrative, read and perform narrative poems.
In Writing, children are required to be able to map out writing to plan structure, e.g. paragraphs, sections, chapters, able to write new scenes or characters into a story, or write from another viewpoint, own versions of legends, myths and fables, using structures from reading.Writing task also includes making a play-script, including production notes to guide performance, use imagery and figurative language to evoke imaginative response. They are also exposed to write non-chronological reports and explanations, a commentary on an issue, setting out and justifying a personal view and make notes for different purposes, using simple abbreviations and writing ‘in your own words’. In speaking, students are asked to shape and organise ideas clearly when speaking to aid listener, prepare and present an argument to persuade others to adopt a point of view and talk confidently in extended turns and listen purposefully in a range of contexts. They will be exposed to presentations of events and convey opinions with increasing clarity and detail, report back to a group, using notes to present findings about a topic studied. Evaluate what is heard and give reasons for agreement or disagreement.
In Grade 6, students are exposed to variety of Fiction and Non-Fiction texts. In Fiction, they wll be exposed to various genres including science fiction, extended narratives, stories with flashbacks, poetry and plays including imagery, while in Non-fiction texts are varied from instructions, recounts (including biography and autobiography), diaries, journalistic writing, argument and discussion, formal and impersonal writing. Students are required to develop familiarity with the work of established authors and poets, identifying features which are common to more than one text. They will learn how the author manipulates the reaction of the reader, e.g. how characters and settings are presented, look for implicit meanings, and make plausible inferences based on more than one point in the text. They will analyse the success of writing in evoking particular moods,e.g. suspense, paraphrase explicit meanings based on information at more than one point in the text, comment on writer’s use of language, demonstrating awareness of its impact on the reader. Exploring autobiography and biography, and first and third person narration will also be learnt.
In Writing, Grade 6 will learn how to plan plot, characters and structure effectively in writing an extended story, manage the development of an idea throughout a piece of writing, e.g. link the end to the beginning, establish and maintain a clear viewpoint, with some elaboration of personal voice.
Students are asked to use different genres as models for writing, use paragraphs, sequencing and linking them appropriately to support overall development of the text, use a range of devices to support cohesion within paragraphs and develop some imaginative detail through careful use of vocabulary and style. They are required to write non-chronological reports linked to work in other subjects, to develop skills of writing biography and autobiography in role, to argue a case in writing, developing points logically and convincingly.
In Speaking, students are exposed to spoken language well to persuade, instruct or make a case, e.g. in a debate, various vocabulary, expression and tone of voice to engage the listener and suit the audience, purpose and context. Reflection on variations in speech, and appropriate use of standard English; preparing, practise and improve a spoken presentation or performance; conveying ideas about characters in drama in different roles and scenarios through deliberate choice of speech, gesture and movement will also be learnt in Grade 6.
In the first Grade, three main topics studied are Harmony, Love, and Creatures. In harmony, students are encouraged to respect differences among religions, appreciate living together in harmonious way, to respect and love friends and other people with different beliefs, being tolerant and understand different practices of religions. In Love, students are learning how to love friends, family, being nice and respectful to others. While on the last topic covered, the Living Creatures, students are invited to make observations of the living and non living creatures and furthermore to be thankful for the existence of the creatures. Students are to show the gratefulness by showing good attitude and establish harmony relation with all creatures, taking a good care of surrounding and the environment.
In grade 2, three main topics covered are: Respect, Caring, Sympathy and Empathy. On the topic of Respect, students are invited to show respect in many different ways to friends, families and others regardless of differences. Students are asked to carry their duties in own religion toughtfully yet still being tolerant of other religions’ practices, living in harmony with friends from different faiths, religions, races, ethnicities and opinions. On topic of Caring, students are encouraged to show attitude of caring and helping each other. Students are invited to provide helps for people in need, encouraged to always being helpful and generous for the others in need in communities. Last topic of Sympathy and Empathy invite students to practice accepting differences in each person including differences in wealth, social economics status and ability. Students are also encouraged to always show sympathy and empathy for people suffering and start doing something for them.
In grade 3, there are four topics covered, i.e.: Religions Tolerance, World’s Religions, Cases in Religions and Human Relationship With God. On Religions Tolerance, students are expected to understand and appreciate the differences in religion, views, beliefs and religious experiences of others. On topic of religions in the world, students are encouraged to know different ways of worship according to different religions, to have a firm foundation about the existence of God according to different religions and able to apply the experience of God’s existence in own life. In Cases in Religions, students are invited to discuss problems or conflicts that may arise due to different kind of beliefs and able to give critical opinion about it. In last topic of Human Relationship With God, students are encouraged to understand their existence as creatures of God and being thankful for that by establishing individual relationship with God.
In grade 4, there are three main topics covered, i.e.: Humility, Preserverance & Persistence and Gratitude. On the topic of Humility, students are expected to appreciate the individual differences as a uniqueness and that everyone has strengths and weaknessess that we need to be humble all the time. Students are invited to submit all the glory of the strength to God and return all the glory to Him. On Preserverance & Persistence topic, students are expected to show endurace, persistence during tough times, brave to overcome any barriers and challenges in learning, assignments, and complete the difficult tasks. Students are expected to think creatively in generating new way outs and solutions. On the topic of Gratitude students are expected to show gratefulness in all kind of situations, being thankful for what the Lord has given and believe that God will not give any trial beyond the capabilities.
In Grade 5, four topics covered are harmony, tolerance, humility and love. In harmony, students are expected to live in harmony within the family, the school environment, and the bigger environment regardless of different beliefs and faiths. In tolerance, students are asked to know different ways of worship from different religions and understand the underlying principles of the rituals. By doing so, students are encouraged to see the value in each worship rituals. In humility topics, students are encouraged to always being appreciative to the existence of others and other people’s success. In loving one another, students are encouraged to do actions in loving families, neighbors, understand the nature of selfishness and self interests and able to eliminate it. In loving each other, students are encouraged to always living in harmony and settle differences in opinios in peace.
In the sixth grade there are three topics covered, i.e. : Man-God Relationship, Man-Man Relationship, and Man-Nature Relationship. Man-God relationship encourages students to execute His commandments and avoid His prohibitions with worships and prays according to the beliefs. In Man-Man relationship, students are expected to maintain good relationship one another, showing mutual respect and respect any individual differences. In topic Man-Nature relationships, students are encouraged to do actions tha show harmony relationship with nature, such as taking care of the environment, not littering, cleaning the community areas and not doing things that harms the environment.
Social Science in Primary covers Civics, Economy, Geography, Sociology and History.
In lower Primary, Civics covers Pancasila, rules and norms, rights and duties. Students will learn all silas in Pancasila and the daily applications of them. Children also learn about rules and norms and the benefits of rules and regulations for selves and others, mention the types of rules in the family, in the classroom and at the school, make examples of rules of games. In understanding the rights and duties, students were exposed to rights and duties using a simple story, mention the kinds of rights and duties. Students in these grades are expected to be able to apply living in a respectful and harmony atmosphere by understanding well about rights and duties, rules and norms. Economy covers about market activities, buying and selling activites and the use of money. We also discuss diversities of the job, the role of transportation and technology in economy activities. Geography starts with discussing maps and floor plans, developing a sense of place. Topics covered include geographical patterns and processes, environmental change and sustainable development. Geography provides students with values, knowledge, concepts, and skills to better understand ourselves, our relationship to the earth, and our interdependence with other peoples of the world. The locational organization scheme of geography provides a framework for learning the physical, sovcial, and natural phenomena and appearances. In history, students are encouraged to start with telling their own personal experiences. In sociology, students learn traditional music instruments, traditional games, folk songs and dances and the cultural diversities in Indonesia.
Students in Upper Primary discusses deeper implementation of Pancasila in daily live as well as developing deeper discussion on rights and duties of citizenship in e veryday life at home, school and community. Furthermore, knowledge about General Election, States Institutions in all kind of levels as well as the functions and authorithies are introduced. Students also learn about countries associations and collaboration in the world especially in South East Asia. In economy, upper primary learn about factories, manufactures and distribution of goods and services, export and import activity, production, distribution, and consumption. In geography, children learn about natural and artificial appearances, like mountains, lakes, rivers, etc.. In these years, students also learns about ASEAN, the role of Indonesia in the ASEAN region, discuss about globalization, the advantages and disadvantages. In geography, Upper Primary learn the physical and human characteristics of places, rural and urban communities are investigated, exploring climatic and physical regions of the world and their natural resources. Concepts as mountain, river, plain, continent, equator, suburb, transportation, community, and lake are also studied. In history, children discussed Indonesian era from pra-aksara period, Hinduism, Buddhism then Moslem. Children are also exposed to the empires in those eras along with the artefacts. We also discuss the development of the administrative system in Indonesia, before and after Indonesian independence. In sociology, children discusses about tribes and cultures in Indonesia. In sociology, children explore the natural resources of Indonesia and neighboring countries.
The area of study aims to help children to survive and adjust better in dynamic changing world. Area studied stretches from Leadership, Entrepreneurship, Research and Invention.
In Leadership, child is equiped with self awareness skill, and are empowered to master skill set to be a leader, such as planning and setting goals, setting vision and priority management, team work skill as well as communication skill.
In Entrepreneurship, child is encouraged to develop a business, to learn the value of a thing, adding value and being able to co,municate the products or services developed.
In Research and Invention, children solve mysteries and problems in the nature through observation and experiments.
PHE material in Primary covers all kind of ball games, athletics, gymnastics, swimming, traditional games and also health theories. Class 1 will focus on exercising physical fitness through ball games activities, gymnastics and athletics. Physical fitness exercised here are are endurance, flexibility, muscle strength, balance, agility, speed and explosive power. Ball games practised in this Stage are table tennis and badminton. In gymnastics, we practise to roll forward and backward, split, and bridge. In athletic, children will learn running and jumping skills to strengthen arms and muscles. In swimming, we learn the basic swimming technique of the arm and leg and how to breath. Health education will discuss about cleanliness of nails, hair, hands and body.
Grade 2 will focus on training the physical fitness endurance, flexibility, muscle strength, balance, agility and speed. In Ball Games, different kind of techniques and correct movement are learnt. Athtletics will involve fast running, high jump and long jump. Health education will learn about healthy food and healthy habits
Grade 3 still focus on physical fitness endurance, flexibility and muscle strength, balance, agility and speed. Start with large ball games, learning the theory, techniques and rules of the games. Floor gymnastics as well as athletic covers varieties of theory, techniques and regulations of the games. Sprint, shot put are also exercised in addition to running and jumping. Healthy education focus on learning healthy and safe environment.
Grade 4 still exercises the physical endurance, flexibility, muscle strength, balance, agility and speed. Learning the techniques and regulations in small and large ball games, this Grade also lean about gymnastics. Group sport games are introduced in this Grade as well as varieties of swimming techniques.
Grade 5 practises all of the games in the previous grades and adding softball game. In this fifth Grade, we learn how to conduct varieties of sport games. Health education discusses the dangers of smoking, drugs, and drinking alcohol.
Grades 6 review all materials learnt and exercised in Grades 1-5 both theories, techniques, and the rules of the games. Traditional Balinese games are also introduced to enrich the physical fitness experience.
Children are invited to explore the richness of local culture and multinational cultures from around the world. Our Language and Culture subject mostly focus on Bahasa Subject and enriched with Balinese, Japanese, Mandarin and World History. In World History, children are invited to explore different parts of the world, the cultures, the richness and beauty of the different continents and countries.
In Bahasa, we have four big components, e.g.: Reading (Membaca), Speaking (Berbicara), Listening (Mendengarkan) and Writing (Menulis). Below are the indicators learnt in Bahasa of each Grade.
Grade 1 is required to listen and understand the diversity of oral discourses through listening to different sounds/voices and sounds of language; following instructions; and able to make a description of the objects around. In this Grade, students are also learning fairy tales. Ability to express thoughts, opinions, ideas, and feelings verbally, introducing him/herself; making greetings; naming colors, function of the body, and objects around are the skills expected from Grade 1. Students are required to share experiences; conduct a conversation; and convey a sense of likes and dislikes as well as reciting poetry and doing a role play of the character of a fairy tale. Able to read and understand short texts by reading fluently and read aloud few simple sentences. Being able to write few sentences, doing dictation and neat cursive handwriting.
Being able to listen and understand the diversity of discourses through listening and reading to variety of texts including short texts, short messages and fairy tales. Able to express thoughts, opinions, ideas, and feelings, saying greetings, telling everyday activities, conducting conversations, sharing experiences, reporting and describing, reciting poetry, retelling stories, and role playing. Able to read and understand short texts by reading fluently sentences and read poetry. Being able to write a few sentences, write a dictation and writing own experience. Completing a story, writing a short essay, and writing stories about likes and dislikes are also conducted in Grade 2.
Being able to listen and understand variety of verbal instructions, symbols, storytelling and drama texts. Able to express thoughts, opinions, ideas, and feelings verbally by telling an exciting experience, explaining the order, describing the place, situation and make a dialogue and conversations. Being able to share experiences and events, as well as doing a role play. Able to read with comprehension long texts by reading fluently and doing intensive reading silently, making a plan and sketch and develop fairy tales and poems.Being able to express thoughts, ideas, opinions, and feelings through writing essays from their own minds, preparing summaries of reading and writing essays based on a series of images and written instructions.
Being able to listen and understand variety of discourses including instructions, experiences, announcement and poem. Ability to express thoughts, opinions, ideas, and feelings is required. Verbally, students are required to be able to share experiences, discuss actual problems, describe objects, usage instructions and relaying messages by telephone, recounted the contents of fairy tales and play a role. Able to read and understand text nonsastra through reading activities of scanning, skimming, intensive reading. Reading the text to other people as well as reading folk tales and rhymes. Being able to express thoughts, ideas, opinions, and feelings in variety of writings by completing the conversation, writing a description, filingl out a simple form, continuing the narrative stories, writing letters, composing paragraphs, and writing announcements, fiction and rhymes.
Being able to listen and understand variety of texts e.g.: announcements, telephone conversationa and messages, short stories and folklore. Able to express thoughts, opinions, ideas, and feelings about events happening around, conducting an interview and reporting the results of interview, describe objects or tools, and conclude the dialogue or conversation as well as drama and short play. Able to get information from announcements and able to make and recite a poem. Grade 5 students are required to be able to write a personal letter, summarize contents of books, making posters, writing diary and making postcards, as well as writing simple prose and poetry.
Skills required to be achieved by Grade 6 are summarizing a story, making a news report and writing children’s stories. Retelling observations, delivering messages / information, discussing the contents of the book, criticizing texts, speeches, and discussing drama are also done in Grade 6. Making speech, doing intensive reading variety of texts, skimming, scanning, fast reading, and comprehend novels, folklore and old stories. Being able to express thoughts, ideas, opinions, and feelings into a wide range of writings by filling out simple forms, drafting speech, writing a simple ad, preparing summaries, making a formal letter as well as paraphrasing poetry and making a conversation or dialogue.