Clinical Psychology Assessment
Do you know how doctors determine a person’s disorder? Yes, that’s right, by checking first. After a doctor performs various examinations, it will be known that someone is affected by a disorder. This also applies to someone who wants to know their intellectual abilities. A professional will conduct a test to determine a person’s intellectual abilities. This series of tests can be called an intellectual assessment. In intellectual assessment, a person will be asked to take a test prepared by a professional in their field.
Intellectual Assessment is an assessment that is considered the most spectacular in the past is what Sir Francis Galton did. Intelligence is considered as a global capacity generator of individuals to act purposefully, think rationally, and be able to relate effectively to their environment. The following are intelligence tools used in Indonesia for intellectual assessment purposes:
- Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Intelligence test results are generally in the form of IQ (Intelligence Quotient), but there are also intelligence tests that do not produce IQ, namely in the form of level (Raven). The term IQ was first coined in 1912 by William Stern, a German psychologist. Then by Lewis Madison Terman the term was used officially for the results of the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale intelligence test in the United States in 1916. The calculation of IQ according to William Stern uses the ratio between MA and CA, with the formula IQ = (MA/CA) x 100. MA is mental age, CA is chronological age, 100 is a constant number. Alfred Binet describes intelligence as something that is functional, intelligence according to Binet has three components, namely the ability to direct thoughts or actions, the ability to change the direction of action when the action has been carried out and the ability to criticize oneself. The Binet test used in Indonesia today is the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale Form L-M, the third revision of Terman and Merril in 1960.
- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
- WISC (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children).
There are several types of intellectual tests used in Indonesia that you can do to find out and understand your intellectual abilities. However, you will get these types of tests according to the age range and goals you need. So that later on will get the right results and as expected.