BECAUSE OF SYNESTHEASIA, MUSIC MORE COLOURFUL
Article by : Sanditiya Kristian S.
Humans are gifted with all the advantages by God. These advantages make humans into special creatures. One of the things that God has given to humans are the five senses that enable humans to be able to receive stimuli from outside. Some of these five senses are in the form of hearing and sight. These two senses have their respective functions. Vision allows humans to see the colours of the world. And hearing makes humans understand the meaning of sound. However, some people experience courage that makes more than one of their senses work continuously. It becomes possible to see colours in a tone. Therefore in this article we will discuss more fully about people with disorders as previously mentioned.
Abnormalities of two or more senses acting simultaneously is known as synaesthesia. Synaesthesia is a neurological condition in which a stimulus on one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to involuntary experiences in another sensory or cognitive pathway. This condition makes a person’s senses overlap.
According to Cytowic (2002), synaesthesia is a neurological disorder that occurs as a result of a person’s perception mixed into one. Perception is like taste and sight that has taste. From this it can be interpreted simply that this disorder makes a person have an abstract experience that no one else has ever felt. People who get this disorder are called synaesthetic. When synaesthetics see the colour of a music or tone, they will give a different perception of colour.
Mutia (2020) explains that synaesthesia is divided into several types, including the following:
- Coloured grapheme synaesthesia : The condition in which synaesthetics is able to give colour perception to numbers and letters.
- Number Form : Conditions in which synaesthetics are able to provide a map perception of a number.
- Chromesthesia : Conditions in which synaesthetic are able to give colour perception to sound or tone.
Chromesthesia is sometimes referred to as sound-to-colour synaesthesia where every synaesthetist are able to represents music as certain colour. This type of synaesthesia is most commonly found and often comes to the surface, because several world musicians such as Lady Gaga and Pharrell admit to having synaesthesia.
Jess (2017) wrote an interview of a person with Chromesthesia on Broadly’s broadcast. She was Melissa McCracken, an artist who has an ability to turn music into an abstract painting. Melissa felt this way at the age of 16, when she saw her cell phone was blue. He told his friend that he wanted to pick a song that has orange colour. According to Melissa, the disorder does not interfere with vision at all and is not hallucinogenic either.
On the other hand, research conducted by Puspita Nuari in her journal entitled “Sinestesia Dalam Bahasa Indonesia Laras Sastra” reveals that there are eight kinds of combinations of sensory exchange functions that occur in symptoms of language synaesthesia. The eight combinations are sight-touch, sight-taste, sight-hearing, hearing-sight, hearing-touch, smell-touch, sight-feeling (heart), and hearing-thought (brain). The last two kinds of combinations are new findings in the symptoms of language synaesthesia.
The world is filled with unique things for humans to know. Synaesthesia seems to make a person who experiences courage in himself a valuable gift. Synaesthesia makes the sufferer’s life cheerful with the colours on their head. So good is God that any disorder can be a gift to humans.
Cytowic, R. (2012). Synethesia A Union of the Sense. London: The MIT Press.
Denham, J. (2017, April 5). Pengidap Synesthesia Melihat Warna Saat Mendengar Musik, Lalu Mengubahnya Jadi Lukisan. Retrieved from Seni Rupa: https://www.vice.com/id/article/jp33vk/pengidap-synesthesia-melihat-warna-saat-mendengar-musik-lalu-mengubahnya-jadi-lukisan
Nauari, P. (2016). Sinestesia dalam Bahasa Indonesia Laras Sastra. Birok Sastra, 47 – 53.
Rahayu, M. I. (2020, February 7). Sinestesia Sindrom, Ketika Suara Memiliki Warna. Retrieved from Dokter Sehat: https://doktersehat.com/sinestesia-sindrom/