There’s one way to find out a disease in a person is to do an examination or screening. With the examination, doctors can find out the types of diseases experienced by a patient. But what if the disease is not a physical disease such as a broken bone or heart disease but a mental disorder? Of course, a professional will still carry out an examination of the patient. One way to find out the type of disorder is by conducting a test or assessment. Assessment in clinical psychology is a process used by clinical psychologists to observe and evaluate clients’ social and psychological problems, both regarding their limitations and capabilities. One form of assessment that can be found in clinical psychology is behavioral assessment.
According to Mc. Clelland personality is the most adequate concept of individual behavior in various situations. While Menninger defines personality, namely the elements possessed by the individual as a whole, such as height, weight, love, hate, blood pressure. Meanwhile, according to Byrne, things that do not fit into other areas of psychology are the realm of personality. Meanwhile, according to Carl Gustav Jung personality is a totality of all psychic events that are conscious or unconscious. Personality has various definitions from several characters, depending on how they see the individual aspects. Experts seem to be very diverse in providing a formulation of personality. In a literature study conducted by Gordon W. Allport (Calvin S. Hall and Gardner Lindzey, 2005) found nearly 50 different definitions of personality. Departing from the study he did, he finally found a formulation of personality that is considered more complete. According to him, personality is a dynamic organization within the individual as a psycho-physical system that determines his unique way of adapting to his environment. Furthermore, there are 3 (three) fundamental thoughts that must be known, namely: Personality Traits (Traits/Treats/Characters, Personality States, Personality Types. These three fundamental thoughts form the basis for clinical psychology in conducting personality assessments.
Although this assessment is commonly used to screen for a personality disorder in a person, this personality assessment can also be used for those who do not have any disorders. With a personality assessment, it is hoped that a person can understand better about himself, so that he can maximize the potential he already had inside him.
Anastasi, A. (1982). Psychological Testing. NewYork: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Bahan Ajar Materi Kuliah Psikodiagnostika I dan Administrasi Alat Tes Psikologi (2016), Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Udayana.
Gregory, RJ. 2013. Tes Psikologi: Sejarah, Prinsip dan Aplikasi. Jakarta:Erlangga.
Groth Marnat, Gary. 2010. Handbook of Psychologycal Assessment (Edisi ke- 5). Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
Wulandari, P. R. (2016). Psikologi Kepribadian 1. Bantul: Universitas Mercu Buana.
Leave A Comment